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Definitions of Blended Learning


Blended learning is a formal education program in which a student learns at least in part through online learning, with some element of student control over time, place, path, and/or pace; at least in part in a supervised brick-and-mortar location away from home; and the modalities along each student’s learning path within a course or subject are connected to provide an integrated learning experience.

(Horn & Staker, 2013. http://www.christenseninstitute.org/blended-learning/ ) 



Blended learning is a formal education program in which a student learns at least in part through online delivery of content and instruction with some element of student control over time, place, path, and/or pace and at least in part at a supervised brick-and-mortar location away from home.

(Horn & Staker, 2012. http://www.innosightinstitute.org/classifying-k-12-blended-learning/ )


Blended learning is any time a student learns at least in part at a supervised brick and mortar location away from home and at least in part through online delivery with some element of student control over time, place, path, and/or pace.

(Horn & Staker, 2010; Staker, 2011. http://www.innosightinstitute.org/media-room/publications/education-publications/)


Blended/hybrid course: courses that blend online and face-to-face delivery

where a substantial proportion (30% to 79%) of the content is delivered online.

(Allen & Seaman, 2007. http://sloanconsortium.org/publications/survey/index.asp)


Blended learning: Learning that is facilitated by the effective combination of different modes of delivery, models of teaching and styles of learning, and is based on transparent communication amongst all parties involved with a course.

(iNacol, 2010. http://www.onlineprogramhowto.org/site/#blendedlearning )


Blended learning refers to courses that combine face-to-face instruction with online learning and reduce classroom contact hours (reduced seat time).

Blended learning should be viewed as a pedagogical approach that combines the effectiveness and socialization opportunities of the classroom with the technologically enhanced active learning possibilities of the online environment, rather than a ratio of delivery modalities. In other words, blended learning should be approached not merely as a temporal construct, but rather as a fundamental redesign of the instructional model with the following characteristics:

  • -A shift from lecture- to student-centered instruction in which students become active andinteractive learners (this shift should apply to the entire course, including face-to-face contact sessions);
  • - Increases in interaction between student-instructor, student-student, student-content, and student-outside resources;
  • - Integrated formative and summative assessment mechanisms for students and instructor

(Dziuban, Hartman & Moskal, 2004. http://www.educause.edu/ECAR/BlendedLearning/157515 )


Blended Learning:  Combines face-to-face learning with computer mediated learning. 

(Bonk and Graham, 2006.  Handbook of blended learning: Global perspectives, local designs. http://www.publicationshare.com/)


Blended learning design are a) thoughtfully integrating face-to-face and online learning; b) fundamentally rethinking the course design to optimize student engagement; c) restructuring and replacing class contact hours. 

Blended learning emerges from an understanding of the relative strengths of face-to-face and online learning.

(Garrison and Vaughan, 2008  Blended Learning in Higher Education. http://books.google.com/books?id=2iaR5FOsoMcC&lpg=PA164&ots=4Bffq1IIrA&dq=Garrison%20and%20Vaughan%2C%202008%20%20Blended%20Learning%20in%20Higher%20Education&pg=PA5#v=onepage&q&f=false)


Blended learning is the combination of different training “media” (technologies, activities, and type of events) to create an optimum training program for  a specific audience.  The term “blended” means that the traditional instructor-led training is being supplemented with other electronic formats. 

(Bersin, 2004. The Blended Learning Book. http://www.amazon.com/Blended-Learning-Book-Practices-Methodologies/dp/0787972967

Josh’s blog: http://joshbersin.com/2010/07/12/how-people-learn-it-really-hasnt-changed/)


What Are Hybrid Courses?

In "hybrid" [or blended] classes, a significant amount of the course learning activity has been moved online, making it possible to reduce the amount of time spent in the classroom. Traditional face-to-face instruction is reduced but not eliminated.

(University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. 2011. http://www4.uwm.edu/ltc/hybrid/index.cfm)



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